Mosque (Masjid) is a holy place for Muslims. It is a place of worship for all followers of Islam, where all the Muslims of the community gather together and pray. Mosques are fine examples of excellent architecture. They are found all over the world and have become one of the most popular attractions.
Here are 10 impressive, amazing and most beautiful mosques from around the world. This superb architecture will leave you breathless.
1. Al-Haram Mosque
The Koran says that this was the first house built by mankind for the worship of Allah. The most famous monument in the world, the Al-Haram Mosque or “Great Mosque” is located in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This is the largest mosque in the world, which surrounds one of the sacred places of Islam — the Kaaba.
The current structure covers an area of 400,800 square meters, including open and closed prayer areas, and can accommodate up to 4 million people during the Hajj, one of the largest annual Muslim worships in the world.
2. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi
Al-Nabawi, often referred to as the Prophet’s Mosque, is a mosque built by the Prophet Muhammad in the city of Medina. This is the second sacred place in Islam. In addition, it was the second built mosque in history. Now it is one of the largest shrines in the world after Al-Haram in Mecca. One of the most important features of this mosque is the Green Dome, where the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad is located. In 1279 AD, a wooden dome was built over the tomb, which was later rebuilt and renovated several times in the late 15th century and once in 1817. The dome was first painted green in 1837.
3. Al-Aqsa Mosque — Jerusalem
Al-Aqsa Mosque, also known as Al-Aqsa and Bait al-Muqaddas. This is the third sacred place in Islam. Also an Islamic shrine located in the Old City of Jerusalem. The mosque itself is part of Al-Haram al-Sharif or the “Holy Noble Sanctuary” (together with the Dome of the Rock). This place is also known as the Temple Mount — the most sacred place in Judaism.
According to Islamic tradition, the Prophet Muhammad offered prayers to this mosque until the seventeenth month after the emigration, when Allah ordered him to turn to the Kaaba. Read more about these places in the article “10 Ancient Wonders of the Middle East”.
4. Mosque of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin
The Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is a royal Islamic mosque located in Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of the Sultanate of Brunei. The mosque is considered one of the most beautiful in the Asia-Pacific region and a major tourist attraction in Brunei. The building was built in 1958 and is an example of modern Islamic architecture.
The mosque is built in an artificial lagoon on the banks of the Brunei River in Kampong Ayer, the “village in the water.” It has marble minarets and golden domes with courtyards, lush gardens with fountains. It is surrounded by a large number of trees and flower gardens, which in Islam symbolize heaven. The mosque combines Mughal architecture and Italian style.
See also: Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi
5. Zahir Mosque — Kedah, Malaysia
Zahir Mosque is the government mosque of Kedah. It is located in the heart of Alor Star, the capital of Kedah, Malaysia. This one of the largest and oldest mosques in Malaysia was built in 1912 at the expense of Tunku Mahmud, the son of Sultan Tajuddin Mukarram Shah. The architecture of the mosque is inspired by the AZIZI Mosque in the city of Langkat in northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The Zahir was built with five large domes symbolizing the five basic principles of Islam. Every year, a state competition for reading the Koran is held on the territory of the shrine.
6. Faisal Mosque, Islamabad — Pakistan
Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is the largest mosque in the southeast and south of Asia and the fourth largest in the world. It was the largest mosque in the world from 1986–1993 before the completion of the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco, and after the expansion of Masjid al-Haram in Mecca and Al-Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, Saudi Arabia, 1990s.
7. Taj-ul Mosque — Bhopal, India
Taj-ul-Masajid literally means “Crown of Mosques”. The mosque is also used as an Islamic school during the day. This is one of the largest mosques in Asia. Its pink façade also features three huge onion domes, an impressive main hall with attractive columns and a marble floor reminiscent of Mughal architecture. It has a courtyard with a large reservoir in the center, a two-story gate with four recessed arched openings, and nine multi-pitched openings in the main prayer hall.
8. Badshahi Mosque in Lahore — Pakistan
The Badshahi Mosque, or “Royal Mosque” in Lahore, was commissioned by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1671 and completed in 1673. It is the second largest mosque in Pakistan and South Asia and the fifth largest mosque in the world. Embodying the beauty, passion and grandeur of the Mughal era, this is Lahore’s most famous landmark. Capable of accommodating 55,000 worshipers in the main prayer hall and another 95,000 in the courtyard and porticos, it remained the largest mosque in the world from 1673 to 1986 (a period of 313 years).
Another amazing monument: the Blue Mosque of Istanbul
9. Sultan Mosque, Singapore
The Sultan Mosque, located at Muscat Street and North Bridge Road in the Kampong Glam Rochor area of Singapore, is still considered one of the most important in Singapore. This amazing attraction has hardly changed since its construction, only in 1960 the main hall was improved and an extension was added in 1993. On March 14, 1975, it became a national monument.
10. Hassan II Mosque — Morocco
The Great Mosque of Hassan II is located in Casablanca, Morocco. It is the largest mosque in the country and the seventh largest in the world. Its minaret, built in 1993, is the highest in the world with a height of 210 meters. The 60-story minaret is crowned with a laser, the light of which is directed towards Mecca. The mosque stands on a cape overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, the seabed is visible through the glass floor of the hall of the building. The walls are handmade marble, the roof is retractable. A maximum of 105,000 believers can gather for prayer: 25,000 in the hall of the mosque and another 80,000 on its outer territory.
Read more: Great Mosque of Samarra in Iraq