Officially known as the Republic of Iceland, this country is located in northwestern Europe. Iceland is the 18th largest island in the world and the second largest island in Europe after Great Britain. The country is famous for its unique scenery, with a rugged and colorful landscape, black lava, red sulfur, hot blue geysers, rivers, waterfalls, bays, fjords and green valleys.
Until the 20th century, Icelanders relied mainly on fishing and agriculture, and the country was one of the least developed in the region. But already by the 1990s, Iceland had developed into one of the richest and most developed countries in the world. In 1994, Iceland became part of the common European economic space, which meant the diversification of the economy, as well as common economic and financial operations. In this compilation, 10 amazing photos of Iceland are waiting for you — rugged, surreal landscapes of the country that will take your breath away and impress you to the core.
People enjoy the thermal spring in the Blue Lagoon of Iceland:
Mountain Pond Hvalnes:
Volcanic lake in Iceland
The country presents endless possibilities for winter sports — it is a paradise for skiers and snowboarders:
Eyjafjallajökull is one of the smallest glaciers in Iceland:
Traditional houses with grass on peat roofs. Until the 20th century, most Icelanders lived in rural areas, and built dwellings such as:
Sunset in Iceland. There are a lot of photos to take here:
Numerous lakes and glaciers await you here:
The famous bay of Hunafloy:
Iceland is also famous for its amazing waterfalls, one of which is pictured below:
The country includes the island of Iceland itself, as well as remote small islands in the North Atlantic Ocean between Greenland, Norway, Scotland, Ireland and the Faroe Islands. Iceland has a population of 321,857, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The island nation attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists because of its beautiful scenery. Lakes and glaciers cover approximately 14% of the island’s surface, with many geysers and warm springs. The shifting rugged landscapes add mystical variability to the otherworldly atmosphere.
Despite the stunning photos of Iceland above, the country is vulnerable to environmental degradation, with deforestation and expanding pastures taking their toll on nature, and numerous tourists leaving their mark as well. The eruption of the Laki volcano in 1783–1784 caused a famine that killed nearly a quarter of the island’s population. In addition, eruptions often carry clouds of dust throughout Europe, as far as parts of Asia and Africa, also affecting the climate. In efforts to reunite man with nature, the Icelanders have made good use of geothermal energy, which allows them to heat their homes, generate electricity and water.