Many unique nat­ur­al won­ders have been formed on our plan­et, cre­at­ed by moth­er nature over the course of mil­len­nia. One of these won­ders is lakes in craters. Their unique­ness, in addi­tion to their unusu­al appear­ance, lies in the fact that they are asso­ci­at­ed with inter­nal cur­rents, so they tend to con­tract, expand, appear from nowhere and dis­ap­pear into nowhere. All this mag­ic hap­pens in front of a per­son. It is a mis­take to assume that crater lakes are formed as a result of pre­cip­i­ta­tion.

lakes in craters

Lake Atitlan

Lake Ati­t­lan is known as one of the most beau­ti­ful and pic­turesque lakes on the plan­et. Lake Ati­tlán, locat­ed in Guatemala, has a long geo­log­i­cal and cul­tur­al his­to­ry. Despite the fact that its depths have not been ful­ly explored to this day, the lake is the deep­est in Cen­tral Amer­i­ca. In some places, its depth reach­es 340 meters. The huge caldera, the “cra­dle” of the lake, was formed 84,000 years ago as a result of vol­canic activ­i­ty.

Lake Taupo

With a perime­ter of 193 kilo­me­ters, a deep­est point of 186 meters and a sur­face area of ​​616 square kilo­me­ters, Lake Taupo is arguably the most famous crater lake on the plan­et. It is the largest fresh­wa­ter lake in Aus­traloa­sia. It attracts over 1.5 mil­lion tourists every year. Lake Taupo is locat­ed on the north side of New Zealand and was formed after a vol­canic erup­tion, approx­i­mate­ly 27,000 years ago. It is also one of the most beau­ti­ful lakes in the world, which you can read about in our sep­a­rate selec­tion.

Lake Nyos

Thanks to its rich min­er­al con­tent, this lake’s waters can take on a vari­ety of col­or­ful hues — which will make you believe it’s par­ty time. The beau­ti­ful and dead­ly Lake Nyos is locat­ed in Cameroon; it is locat­ed at the top of a dor­mant vol­cano, which can eas­i­ly release the vapors of death. Nyos is one of the few lakes on the plan­et that is sat­u­rat­ed with car­bon diox­ide due to peri­od­ic vol­canic evap­o­ra­tion. In 1986, the lake sud­den­ly released 1.6 mil­lion tons of CO2 into the air, killing over 1,700 peo­ple and 3,500 live­stock in neigh­bor­ing vil­lages.

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lakes in craters

Lake Ojos del Salado

If you are look­ing for the high­est lake in the world, regard­less of size and mag­ni­tude, then your atten­tion is Lake Ojos del Sal­a­do, which is locat­ed at an alti­tude of 6,390 meters. This place is the high­est active vol­cano in the world. The vol­cano is locat­ed on the Argenti­na-Chile bor­der.

Lake Nemrut

The view from above of the dor­mant vol­cano Nem­rut, in Turkey, is both unique and extra­or­di­nary. Its large round crater con­tains two lakes locat­ed close to each oth­er. The crater at an alti­tude of 3050 meters con­tains a cold water lake (13 square kilo­me­ters and 155 meters deep) and a hot water lake (tem­per­a­ture approx­i­mate­ly 60 degrees and depth 100 meters). The lake is named after the Turk­ish king Nim­rod.

Lake Manicouagan

Lit­er­al­ly trans­lat­ed as ‘Eye of Que­bec’. This large Cana­di­an lake is famous for being a fresh­wa­ter reser­voir. It is one of sev­er­al crater lakes on the plan­et that was formed by an aster­oid impact 214 mil­lion years ago.

Lake Vico

Lake Vico is locat­ed in Cen­tral Italy. It is the high­est of all Ital­ian lakes and has a height of 510 meters. It is sur­round­ed by beau­ti­ful hills and a nature reserve.

Volcano Katmai

This lake is majes­ti­cal­ly locat­ed in the caldera of Mount Kat­mai, in Alas­ka. In June 1912, Mount Kat­mai became active to cre­ate a large crater that today hous­es a lake more than 800 feet deep.

early kau

This crater lake is filled with a lot of water. Although the con­stant­ly vio­lent winds dry up the sur­face, the depth of this lake ensures that its dis­ap­pear­ance is impos­si­ble. This is the only place on Rano Kau that main­tains its own mini-ecosys­tem.

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Lake Crater

With an aver­age depth of 350 meters and the deep­est point is 594 meters, Crater Lake in Ore­gon, USA is the sec­ond deep­est lake in North Amer­i­ca and the ninth deep­est lake on the plan­et. It was formed after the col­lapse of Mount Maza­ma; rich in all kinds of min­er­als.

Blue Lake

Blue Lake is locat­ed in South Aus­tralia. It is often called the chameleon lake because of its abil­i­ty to change col­or depend­ing on the sea­son. The lake has an aver­age depth of 72–75 meters and a length of 1087 meters by 657 meters. The lake was formed after a vol­canic explo­sion near Mount Gam­bier. You can read more about such col­ored lakes in a sep­a­rate selec­tion.

Lake Toba

The lake is locat­ed in the heart of the Indone­sian island of Suma­tra. It has a length of 1,130 square kilo­me­ters. Lake Toba is the largest crater lake in the world. Being the largest vol­canic lake in the world means hav­ing a great, majes­tic his­to­ry. The Toba erup­tion occurred approx­i­mate­ly 75,000 years ago, and was quite pow­er­ful. It was able to “paint over” the dark­ness of the sun for a whole year.