The legendary Novaya Pole is the largest stadium in Europe and one of the most famous stadiums in the world. The Nou Camp stadium is a cult place for every resident of Barcelona. It hosted the great matches between Barcelona and its worst enemy, Real Madrid, confrontations that are rooted deep in the past. I create this topic in order to tell the story of the proud Catalans, the great Camp Nou stadium and the great Barcelona club
It is called Camp Nou, Nou Camp, Camp Nou, which means New Field in translation. The stadium is one of the ten largest stadiums in the world, and ranked among the top five-star stadiums by UEFA. The stadium was built in 1957 and its official name until 2001 was Estadi del FC Barcelona (Barcelona Stadium), but it was popularly called the Camp Nou. Only in 2001 did the board members vote for the popular name.
Let’s turn to history camp Nou more. The stadium was built when Francesc Miro-Sans held the presidency of Barcelona. He promoted the project of the future Camp Nou due to the small capacity of the old Camp de Les Corts stadium, and also due to the fact that the main competitor, Real Madrid, built the Santiago Bernabeu. New stadium project Barcelona was entrusted to the architect Francesc Mithans. The first stone was laid in March 1953, with an initial budget of 67 million pesetas. However, during operation, unforeseen changes in the soil caused difficulties, which increased the construction time and cost of the stadium, which reached 288 million. The club hoped to cover construction costs by selling the Les Corts stadium site, but the Barcelona municipality delayed the transfer of the land by ten years, which led to a temporary shortage of funds. Francisco Franco forgave the club’s debt. The opening of the stadium took place on September 24, 1957. Barcelona have since parted ways with their former stadium to play at the Camp Nou, giving thousands of fans who couldn’t get enough space at Les Corts the chance to attend their favorite team’s matches. By the time it opened, Camp Nou was one of the largest and most majestic stadiums in the world, with a capacity of 90,000 seats.
At first it was envisaged that the stadium would bear the name of the club’s founder Hans Gamper, but later it was decided to take a more neutral one: Estadio del Club de Futbol Barcelona (FC Barcelona stadium). However, the stadium was popularly known as the Camp Nou, because in relation to Les Corts it was new. Eight years after the opening of the stadium, President Enric Laudet convened a meeting to discuss the adoption of the stadium’s official name. Among the options were Estadi Bar?a and Estadi Camp Nou, but the majority of votes went to Estadio del CF Barcelona. Despite this, the majority of fans and journalists still preferred Camp Nou, and for this reason, in 2001, President Juan Gaspar called a new meeting, in which the majority voted in favor of giving the stadium this name.
At the time of opening, Camp Nou had a capacity of 93,053 spectators, although at first it was planned to build a stadium with a capacity of 150,000, and had a field size of 1?2 meters. Since that time, the Camp Nou has undergone many renovations. On September 23, 1959, the opening of artificial lighting took place. The first game with this innovation was against CSKA Sofia in the second round of the Champions Cup of the 1959–60 season. In 1971, an indoor sports hall was opened adjacent to the Camp Nou. It houses the basketball, handball and volleyball teams of the club. Hockey competitions are held in the nearby Ice Palace. Across the road from the main field is another football stadium, smaller. You can get there through a covered passage hanging over the roadway like a bridge. This small stadium, which opened in 1982, is called Mini Estadi (Spanish for “small stadium”). In 1975, an electronic scoreboard was added on the second tier. For the 1982 World Cup in Spain, the stadium was significantly updated: private boxes and VIP boxes were added on the second tier, a press center was opened on the lower tier, two scoreboards on the north and south stands. The stadium’s capacity has been increased by 22,150 new seats thanks to the expansion of the third tier. After the reconstruction of the Nou Camp began to accommodate 115,000 spectators. September 24, 1984 opened the Museum of Barcelona. In 1994, as required by UEFA regulations, the club reduced the capacity to 107,000. The level of the field was lowered by 2.5 meters to increase the capacity of the lower rows. In the same season, new press boxes were opened on the third tier and the roof was reconstructed. In the 1995–96 season, the presidential box on the second tier was expanded. The following year, the underground parking was expanded to 800 spaces on two floors. During the 1997–98 season, the old scoreboards were torn down and replaced with new, more modern models. In 1998, at the initiative of UEFA, a new rule was introduced, according to which all seats in stadiums must be seated. “Nou Camp” began to accommodate 98,600 spectators. Currently, the stadium has a height of 48 meters and covers an area of 55,000 square meters. The evacuation of spectators is carried out within 5 minutes. In 1999, the stadium was given a five-star status. In Europe, very few arenas can boast of such an achievement, and in Spain they can be completely counted on the fingers of one hand. In addition to, in fact, the Nou Camp, this is the Olympic Stadium in Barcelona, where Espanyol, Madrid’s Vicente Calderon and the Olympic Stadium in Seville play their matches.
The stadium can be safely included in our list of Barcelona attractions. In addition to the football field, Camp Nou includes an entertainment center. And since 1971, it has also been a sports hall where basketball, volleyball and handball teams train. The stadium houses the Barcelona Museum (Museu Futbol Club Barcelona President Nunes). The museum was opened in 1984 and is the most visited museum in all of Catalonia. The rich exposition illustrates the illustrious history of Barcelona, it is rightfully considered the best football museum in the world. The ticket price includes admission to the stadium and the opportunity to ride on the ice rink. Free admission for fan club members
In addition to football matches, the Nou Camp is famous for the visits of famous artists, and in 1982, during the World Cup, the stadium was visited by Pope John Paul II, who was accepted as a member of the club under the number 108,000. The Nou Camp hosted concerts by Frank Sinatra, Michael Jackson, Julio Iglesias, Pablo Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti and Jose Carreras. On the Nou Camp There are also fashion shows. Apparently, a huge number of marriages between football players and top models play a role here. The Nou Camp is also the traditional venue for introducing new players to the public and honoring the team on the occasion of winning another trophy. When Barcelona acquired Ronaldinho, 30,000 people came to the stadium to see the presentation of the new Blaugrana star.
In September 2007, the club accepted a project to rebuild the stadium in honor of the fiftieth anniversary of its opening. An international competition was organized, during which architects from all over the world presented their projects in 80 offices. The jury included representatives of the club, members of the public administration and the association of Catalan architects. On September 18, 2007, the winner became known — it was the English company Fosters and Partners, which was known for the construction of the new Wembley Stadium, the Millau Viaduct, the Collserola Tower, and a new shopping center in New York. The initial budget was 250 million euros. The project model was first presented to the public before the start of the match between Barcelona and Sevilla, which took place on September 22, 2007. From Monday 24 September it could be seen on the second floor of the club’s museum. In 2008, it was decided to finish the project in order to start construction in 2009 and finish it in 2011 or 2012.
The following improvements are planned:
- The stadium’s capacity should increase from 98,000 to 106,000 spectators.
- The VIP zone will have 14,000 more seats.
- A retractable roof will be installed to protect all stands.
- Media space will be doubled.
- Movable polycarbonate and glass slabs will be installed on the facade, which will allow creating lighting effects more complex than in the Allianz Arena or Barcelona’s Agbar Tower.
- Escalators and elevators for ordinary fans will be built.
- More facilities for the disabled.
Pictured is a model of the new Camp Nou
Particular attention should be paid to the matches of El Clasico, Barcelona — Real Madrid at the Camp Nou. The confrontation between these two clubs dates back to 1902. It was then that the newborn Real Madrid played its first match with Barcelona, which by that time was 3 years old. Real Madrid lost that match 3–1. Thus was born the greatest confrontation between the two clubs. As time went on, the rivalry between Real Madrid and Barça became more and more significant. But the most important period during which these two clubs entered a new stage in their relationship is the period of Franco’s rule. The most fierce resistance against him was concentrated precisely in Barcelona and it was this territory that managed to continue the fight for the longest time. By the way, the President of Barcelona led the same militia against the Spanish dictator. Franco tried with all his might to suppress the rebels. He was outrageous there, killing the population. It was at this time that the only consolation, a ray of light in the bloody mess arranged by Franco, was the Barcelona football club. She personified the unbending spirit of the Catalan people. Real Madrid was Franco’s favorite club at the time. Matches between Real Madrid and Barça camp Nou, and in Madrid, were now of a popular character. Each team now, as it were, defended the honor of the entire nation. Each match was a kind of battle for independence. Madrid vs Catalonia. It was from that period that the confrontation between Real Madrid and Barcelona began to take on a clear shape, relations between the clubs finally deteriorated and the time of war began. A war that will never end as long as at least one Madridist or Barcelonan is alive. In Franco’s time, Real Madrid managed to beat Barcelona 11–1 in the Copa del Rey, but the undercurrents that surrounded Spanish football were too strong in those days. In that distant year, 1943, before the match, the Spanish Minister of Sports, who was one of the people closest to Franco, entered the locker room of Barça and promised to shoot the players of the Catalan club if Real Madrid did not go further.
On May 28, 1995, Mikael Laudrup arrived at the Nou Camp. One of the leaders of “Barcelona” moved into the camp of the most hated team for any cool. The stadium met the Dane as it should be: posters with the inscriptions “Judas!” were hung out in the stands. and “Don’t you dare step into our stadium!”. Laudrup could not withstand the psychological attack and asked for a replacement
The second defector was Luis Enrique, who followed in the direction of “Real” — “Barcelona”. Real Madrid fans tried to create a semblance of a Nou Camp against Luis, but failed. But both of these transfers are nothing compared to the resonance that caused the transfer of Luis Figo from Barcelona to Real Madrid. A huge scandal erupted, as a result of which the clubs were even forced to sign an agreement on “not poaching each other’s players.” What happened during Figo’s first El Clasico at Camp Nou is hard to describe. In the course were any items. Starting from pens and mobile phones, ending with the wig of your neighbor in the place and your own underwear. And of course, we saw the flight of the famous pig’s head, which, however, with all its desire, did not reach the goal. Figo felt on his own skin what hell is. There were times when he couldn’t just go take a corner and had to wait several minutes for the fans to cool down a bit. Those episodes forever entered the history of the battle of these two clubs at the Camp Nou
Barcelona for the Catalans is more than a club, which is displayed on one of the stands of the Camp Nou