Eduar­do VII Park is the largest park in the cen­ter of Lis­bon. Its main attrac­tion is the Est­u­fa Fria Botan­i­cal Gar­den at the north­west cor­ner of the park. The park was cre­at­ed at the end of the nine­teenth cen­tu­ry as an exten­sion of Aveni­da da Liber­dade. It was orig­i­nal­ly known as Par­que da Liber­dade (Lib­er­ty Park), but renamed in 1903 in hon­or of King Eduar­do VII, who had vis­it­ed the city a year ear­li­er to strength­en the his­tor­i­cal ties between Por­tu­gal and Britain.

Eduardo VII Park

Entry relat­ed to loca­tion: Lis­bon

A large park of twen­ty hectares is locat­ed on a slope north of Praça de Pom­bal. It is divid­ed into three sec­tions, with a cen­tral lawn area and geo­met­ri­cal­ly pat­terned hedges, as well as two land­scaped gar­dens on either side. In the north­east­ern part of the park there is a small but col­or­ful gar­den with many stat­ues. Near­by is the his­toric pavil­ion of Car­los López, dec­o­rat­ed with large azule­jo pan­els. In the west­ern part of the park there is a fish pond and an inter­est­ing green­house com­plex of the Est­u­fa Fria Botan­i­cal Gar­den.

At the top of the slope, on a small esplanade with four large columns, there is a mod­ern mon­u­ment in hon­or of the 1974 rev­o­lu­tion. The mon­u­ment was cre­at­ed by the Por­tuguese sculp­tor João Cutileiro. It con­sists of a rock foun­tain sup­port­ed by large pil­lars and set in a pool with a crum­bling wall and bro­ken columns. The esplanade, fac­ing south towards the Tagus Riv­er, offers a beau­ti­ful view of the city of Lis­bon.

The Car­los López Pavil­ion was orig­i­nal­ly built for the 1922–1923 exhi­bi­tion in Rio de Janeiro, held to com­mem­o­rate the cen­te­nary of Brazil’s inde­pen­dence. After the expo­si­tion, the pavil­ion was recon­struct­ed in the Eduar­do VII Park. It opened in 1932, just in time for the Por­tuguese Indus­tri­al Exhi­bi­tion. After the exhi­bi­tion, the pavil­ion was used as a gath­er­ing place, a con­cert hall and even a sports hall. It was renamed in 1984 in hon­or of Car­los López, the own­er of Por­tu­gal’s first ever Olympic gold medal.

See also
Zion National Park and its canyons

Eduardo VII park in Lisbon
The White Pavil­ion was designed by Por­tuguese archi­tects Guil­herme and Car­los Rebel­lo de Andrade and Alfre­do Assuncão San­tos. It is beau­ti­ful­ly dec­o­rat­ed with large ceram­ic pan­els cre­at­ed by the azule­jo mas­ter Jorge Colas. Sculp­tor Raul Xavier cre­at­ed the sculp­tures that adjoin the main entrance. By 2003, the pavil­ion was dilap­i­dat­ed and the city decid­ed to close the build­ing. Plans to turn it into a sports muse­um fell through due to finan­cial prob­lems.

The high­light of the Eduar­do VII Park is the Est­u­fa Fria Botan­i­cal Gar­den, a large hexa­gon of 8 hectares, which was cre­at­ed in 1926–1930 by the archi­tect Raul Kara­p­ina. The gar­den con­sists of three dif­fer­ent green­hous­es. The largest of them is Est­u­fa Fria her­self, a “cold” green­house with large trees and wind­ing paths. Est­u­fa Cuente is a hot house with lots of trop­i­cal plants. Est­u­fa Doce, the “sweet” green­house, is the small­est of the three, where main­ly cac­ti and oth­er suc­cu­lents grow. Thus, it is def­i­nite­ly one of the best urban parks in the world.