Not so long ago, the Nile was con­sid­ered the longest riv­er in the world, until the pre­vi­ous­ly unex­plored trib­u­taries of the Ama­zon were stud­ied. But from the fact that today the Nile is con­sid­ered the sec­ond largest riv­er in the world, its sig­nif­i­cance and length itself have not changed at all.


Entry relat­ed to place: Africa

Even in ancient times, the Nile was con­sid­ered a sacred riv­er, because only thanks to fluc­tu­a­tions in the water lev­el in this great riv­er, the Egyp­tians and oth­er peo­ples of this area could sur­vive from year to year in the most dif­fi­cult con­di­tions of con­stant heat and lack of fer­tile land any­where except the Nile bed, grow­ing on its banks grain crops. The Nile tops the list of the longest rivers in the world, more about which you will find infor­ma­tion in a sep­a­rate col­lec­tion


Today, the exact total length of the Nile and all its trib­u­taries has been estab­lished — 6852 kilo­me­ters. The drainage basin of the riv­er cov­ers an area of ​​3,349,000 km2


The riv­er orig­i­nates on the East African Plateau, from where, flow­ing through the ter­ri­to­ry of half of the African con­ti­nent, it flows into the Mediter­ranean Sea.


The Nile flows from south to north, which in itself is quite unusu­al. Con­ven­tion­al­ly, it is usu­al­ly divid­ed into 5 parts:


The Vic­to­ria Nile is approx­i­mate­ly 420 km from its source at the north­ern end of Lake Vic­to­ria to its con­flu­ence with Lake Albert


Albert Nile — part of the riv­er between Lake Albert and the mouth of the right trib­u­tary Ach­va

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Bahr el-Jabal or “Riv­er of Gor” — a 900-kilo­me­ter wet­land sec­tion of the riv­er, start­ing below the city of Juba and end­ing at the trib­u­taries of the Bahr el-Ghaz­al and Sobat

River Gor

The White Nile is a sec­tion of the riv­er stretch­ing along a vast semi-desert plain from the trib­u­tary of the Sobat, whose mud­dy moun­tain waters give the riv­er a yel­low­ish-white col­or, to the city of Khar­toum, the cap­i­tal of Sudan, stand­ing at the con­flu­ence of the White and Blue Nile

dark waters

The Blue Nile orig­i­nates from Lake Tana in the Abyssin­ian High­lands and is fur­ther referred to sim­ply as the Nile, all the way to its con­flu­ence with the Mediter­ranean Sea.


Here, on the Abyssin­ian High­lands, the last major trib­u­tary of the Nile, the Atbara, orig­i­nates, below the mouth of which a series of six large rapids begins, which at one time caused con­sid­er­able prob­lems for nav­i­ga­tion. Today there is an arti­fi­cial reser­voir — Lake Nass­er

River NileIslets

Ancient tem­ple of Abu Sim­bel on the banks of the Nile

Abu Simbel

A lit­tle north of Cairo, the Nile Delta begins with count­less branch­es, almost equal in area to the Crimean penin­su­la. By the way, it is pre­cise­ly this tri­an­gu­lar shape of the branch­ing of the waters of the riv­er before flow­ing into the Mediter­ranean Sea that gave the name to the very term “riv­er delta”, because. The Greek let­ter “delta” is writ­ten as a tri­an­gle. Since then, all the deltas of the rivers of our plan­et have begun to be called this way.

Nile Delta

Nile Delta from space

View from spacePhoto from space

Riv­er Nile in the cap­i­tal of Egypt — Cairo

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Pyra­mids of Egypt

Pyramids of Egypt

The great riv­er Nile has fed all these lands since the Stone Age, and still con­tin­ues to do so, bring­ing life to the arid and bar­ren regions of the desert con­ti­nent.

Land irrigation

Sun­set over the Nile Riv­er


Today, the Nile and the Ama­zon are con­sid­ered the great­est rivers in the world.