Not so long ago, the Nile was considered the longest river in the world, until the previously unexplored tributaries of the Amazon were studied. But from the fact that today the Nile is considered the second largest river in the world, its significance and length itself have not changed at all.
Even in ancient times, the Nile was considered a sacred river, because only thanks to fluctuations in the water level in this great river, the Egyptians and other peoples of this area could survive from year to year in the most difficult conditions of constant heat and lack of fertile land anywhere except the Nile bed, growing on its banks grain crops. The Nile tops the list of the longest rivers in the world, more about which you will find information in a separate collection
Today, the exact total length of the Nile and all its tributaries has been established — 6852 kilometers. The drainage basin of the river covers an area of 3,349,000 km2
The river originates on the East African Plateau, from where, flowing through the territory of half of the African continent, it flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
The Nile flows from south to north, which in itself is quite unusual. Conventionally, it is usually divided into 5 parts:
The Victoria Nile is approximately 420 km from its source at the northern end of Lake Victoria to its confluence with Lake Albert
Albert Nile — part of the river between Lake Albert and the mouth of the right tributary Achva
Bahr el-Jabal or “River of Gor” — a 900-kilometer wetland section of the river, starting below the city of Juba and ending at the tributaries of the Bahr el-Ghazal and Sobat
The White Nile is a section of the river stretching along a vast semi-desert plain from the tributary of the Sobat, whose muddy mountain waters give the river a yellowish-white color, to the city of Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, standing at the confluence of the White and Blue Nile
The Blue Nile originates from Lake Tana in the Abyssinian Highlands and is further referred to simply as the Nile, all the way to its confluence with the Mediterranean Sea.
Here, on the Abyssinian Highlands, the last major tributary of the Nile, the Atbara, originates, below the mouth of which a series of six large rapids begins, which at one time caused considerable problems for navigation. Today there is an artificial reservoir — Lake Nasser
Ancient temple of Abu Simbel on the banks of the Nile
A little north of Cairo, the Nile Delta begins with countless branches, almost equal in area to the Crimean peninsula. By the way, it is precisely this triangular shape of the branching of the waters of the river before flowing into the Mediterranean Sea that gave the name to the very term “river delta”, because. The Greek letter “delta” is written as a triangle. Since then, all the deltas of the rivers of our planet have begun to be called this way.
Nile Delta from space
River Nile in the capital of Egypt — Cairo
Pyramids of Egypt
The great river Nile has fed all these lands since the Stone Age, and still continues to do so, bringing life to the arid and barren regions of the desert continent.
Sunset over the Nile River
Today, the Nile and the Amazon are considered the greatest rivers in the world.