The city of Naples is one of the most unusual in Italy. For centuries, these places have been the center of important historical events that have left a mark on the sights of Naples. The most famous landmark of the city is Mount Vesuvius, which once completely destroyed the ancient city of Pompeii. I suggest you take a virtual tour of the most beautiful places in Naples, which will be of interest during your city tour.
National Museum of Archeology
The National Museum of Archeology in Naples is famous for its exhibition of historical finds discovered during excavations at the foot of Vesuvius. As you know, in the seventy-ninth year of our era, one of the deadliest eruptions of Vesuvius in history occurred, completely wiping several cities off the face of the earth. The largest of them was Pompeii, whose remains were discovered by researchers only centuries later. During the excavations, many artifacts were found that were perfectly preserved under a layer of volcanic lava. A special place in the exposition of the National Archaeological Museum is occupied by a collection of frescoes and mosaics, including the legendary Wheel of Fortune. The exposition with sculptures is also impressive, among which you will surely recognize Pallas Athena and the giant statue of Hercules in the Farnese bull composition. Many will be interested in a series of ancient coins, gladiatorial weapons and armor, ivory products and even the craft of glassblowers. These are the sights of Naples that are worth a visit to everyone without exception. A visit to the museum will help you get to know the history of the city in the best possible way.
While exploring the sights of Naples, you should definitely visit Santa Chiara. Built in the fourteenth century, the complex consists of a church, tombs and includes a small museum in honor of St. Clara, respected by the Italians. During the tour, you can explore the picturesque interiors of the monastery and relax in a cozy courtyard, while exploring the magnificent work of medieval builders. The masters recreated on the tiles a number of interesting events in the history of the city, reflecting the important myths and legends of Naples. Santa Chiara is popular among lovers and newlyweds, as there is a belief that everyone who gets married in this place will have a happy life together.
Gallery Umberto I
For shopping lovers, Naples also has a number of interesting places to offer. In the very center of the city there is a chic shopping center — Umberto I Gallery. The passage was built in the nineteenth century and named after King Umberto I. In essence, the gallery includes 2 intersecting streets covered with a giant glass dome. Even the floor of the passage is a work of art thanks to the mosaic depicting the wind rose and the signs of the Zodiac. Luxury shops and restaurants of world famous chains are concentrated here. Thanks to the special acoustics, symphony concerts and shows are often held in the gallery. This is the attraction of Naples, which every guest of the city seeks to visit.
Castle of Saint Elmo
A popular attraction in Naples is the castle of Sant’Elmo. He perched on the hill Vomero, which is the highest mark of the city. The fortress existed here as early as the fourteenth century, having received its name from the ancient church. In the entire history of hostilities, the fortress was never taken, and in the 18th century Sant Elmo became a prison. But times are changing and today the castle is a great place to watch the sights of the city. The observation platform allows tourists to enjoy the historical center of Naples and the formidable Vesuvius. A funicular line leads to the highest point of the hill, but you can also climb on foot. Such a tour to the castle will definitely be remembered for a lifetime.
Castle of Castel dell’Ovo
Italy is famous for its historic castles, and Naples is no exception. The popular castle of Castel dell’Ovo, or the castle of Eggs, is considered the oldest defense complex in Naples. Its history dates back to the twelfth century, when the first castle appeared on the ruins of an ancient Christian monastery. The locals called the building in this way, since the shape of the castle resembles an egg. There is a legend that the ancient Roman poet Virgil hid a magic egg in the dungeon of Castel dell’Ovo, protecting the city to this day. For centuries, the Kings lived here, the Treasury of Naples was located, as well as other public services. Today, there is the Castel dell’ovo Museum with an exhibition that tells about the history of the castle. Here you will find works by famous Italian artists, including Titian.
Among the popular attractions of Naples, there is another outstanding castle — Castel Nuovo. The name translates as New Castle, which carries a certain meaning. The fortress rises on the shores of the Gulf of Naples. It was built at the end of the 18th century by King Charles of Anjou. During this period, the capital of the kingdom was moved from Palermo to Naples, and Nuovo became the main center of the residence of the king. An impregnable fortress with powerful stone walls and guard towers was built. The majestic power of Castel Nuovo makes an indelible impression on numerous tourists. The best way to visit the castle is with a guided tour that covers the rooms of the royal family, the hall of the barons and a number of other important rooms. Don’t forget to visit the Nuovo Museum, which is entirely dedicated to the history of the city. Here you can explore a series of paintings, mosaics and statues from the medieval period.
Chapel of San Severo in Naples
The Chapel of San Severo can be attributed to the religious monuments of the city. Since its founding in the sixteenth century, the Chapel belonged to the Neapolitan Sangra dynasty. In the middle of the 18th century, a large-scale reconstruction was carried out, in which the best masters from all over Italy took part. The true decoration of this attraction of Naples is the marble sculpture “Christ under the Shroud”, for which travelers come here. Also interesting are the statues and tombstones, each of which refers to one or another human virtue. Today, San Severo is a museum, but despite this status, the atmosphere of bygone times has been preserved here to this day.
Cathedral of Saint Janauria
The historic center of Naples has concentrated the largest number of interesting sights. Its true gem is the Cathedral of St. Januarius, as the brightest masterpiece of Catholic architecture. Built in the 13th century, the landmark was named after Saint Januarius, who to this day is considered the patron saint of Naples. Of particular interest is the chapel, the interior of which was decorated by the best masters of the Renaissance. It is worth paying attention to numerous frescoes, mosaics and sculptures, as well as a vessel with the blood of St. Januarius, which miraculously boils on the days of great church holidays.
Royal Palace of Naples
The Royal Palace of Naples is located in Piazza del Plebiscito. It is a commemoration of the power of the rulers of the kingdom, as the most prominent landmark of Naples. The facade of the Royal Palace goes directly to the square and is decorated with statues of the most prominent rulers. The interior of the palace is no less interesting than the facade. You will be amazed by the luxury of its interiors, and most of the Royal Palace is occupied by the National Library of Naples with a unique collection of ancient Roman papyri. While exploring all the sights of the palace, also visit the throne room and admire the collection of rare paintings by famous Italian painters.
Piazza del Plebiscito
Referendum Square is considered the main square of the city. It is also the most popular attraction in Naples, from where all city tours start. The main monument of the square is the royal palace, the former residence of the rulers of Naples. Here is the central religious shrine of the city — the Basilica of St. Francis. Other architectural gems of Piazza del Plebiscito include the Prefectural Palace, where guests of the royal family lived. Nowadays, there is a restaurant here, on the terrace of which there are always a lot of tourists. The square is a venue for performances by numerous musicians and artists. Exhibitions and festive events are held here.
The ruins of Pompeii — the main attraction of Naples
The tragic death of ancient Roman Pompeii is one of the most famous events in history. The eruption of 79 instantly wiped out an entire city and thousands of its inhabitants. During excavations under a layer of volcanic lava, the well-preserved Ruins of Pompeii were discovered, which today are an open-air museum. It has a very important historical value, as it is the only ancient Roman city that has survived to this day. During the tour, tourists have an amazing opportunity to walk through residential areas, look at the architecture of ancient Pompeii, wander around the markets and even see the legendary Roman baths. This Naples landmark is an essential part of any tour of the city. You can admire the views of this place in the selection of the most spectacular ruins of Pompeii.