Pelicans are adorable creatures! These are not just giant birds with a wingspan of more than 5 meters, these are birds that can fly up to a height of 3000 meters!
There are 8 types of pelicans in the world. These birds inhabit all continents except Antarctica. Most pelicans live in warm regions, near coasts and estuaries, where they feed on fish, crustaceans, tadpoles, and even turtles.
When the pelican has caught the prey in the beak bag, it squeezes the water out to the sides, then moves the food until it falls into its throat, after which it swallows it.
Pelicans may hunt fish in groups. In order to catch fish more conveniently, they can beat their wings on the water to direct the fish to shallow water. The hook on the top of the beak helps to fix slippery food, and sometimes helps to catch large fish, toss them up, and then swallow them in one gulp.
The pelican has the largest and most capacious beak, compared to all the birds on the planet. A pelican can hold 3 medium buckets of fish in its beak.
Even though pelicans are among the heaviest flying birds, their skeleton makes up only 1/10 of their total body weight. Air sacs among the bones give extra buoyancy. Pelicans also have air sacs under the skin on the throat, on the chest, and under the wings. Bags help birds swim better, improve flight aerodynamics, and mitigate the effects of diving for fish.
Pelicans breathe through their beaks. They don’t have nostrils.
Pelicans are good-natured birds that live in their flocks without conflict.