Pel­i­cans are adorable crea­tures! These are not just giant birds with a wingspan of more than 5 meters, these are birds that can fly up to a height of 3000 meters!

pelican

There are 8 types of pel­i­cans in the world. These birds inhab­it all con­ti­nents except Antarc­ti­ca. Most pel­i­cans live in warm regions, near coasts and estu­ar­ies, where they feed on fish, crus­taceans, tad­poles, and even tur­tles.

bird pelican

When the pel­i­can has caught the prey in the beak bag, it squeezes the water out to the sides, then moves the food until it falls into its throat, after which it swal­lows it.

Pel­i­cans may hunt fish in groups. In order to catch fish more con­ve­nient­ly, they can beat their wings on the water to direct the fish to shal­low water. The hook on the top of the beak helps to fix slip­pery food, and some­times helps to catch large fish, toss them up, and then swal­low them in one gulp.

The pel­i­can has the largest and most capa­cious beak, com­pared to all the birds on the plan­et. A pel­i­can can hold 3 medi­um buck­ets of fish in its beak.

Even though pel­i­cans are among the heav­i­est fly­ing birds, their skele­ton makes up only 1/10 of their total body weight. Air sacs among the bones give extra buoy­an­cy. Pel­i­cans also have air sacs under the skin on the throat, on the chest, and under the wings. Bags help birds swim bet­ter, improve flight aero­dy­nam­ics, and mit­i­gate the effects of div­ing for fish.

Pel­i­cans breathe through their beaks. They don’t have nos­trils.

See also
Healthy and safe travel checklist

Pel­i­cans are good-natured birds that live in their flocks with­out con­flict.