Oddly enough, piranhas are caring parents and drive everyone away from their home. In this article, you will get to know these predatory babies in more detail and find out why the piranha is called the Amazon thunderstorm. This fish has a deceptive appearance that does not look intimidating at all, but when it comes to its culinary preferences, then you should be afraid here. So, meet the piranha!
“A‑ah-ah-ah!” The scream echoed throughout the apartment. The frightened owner ran out of the kitchen and saw with horror that the water in his insanely expensive aquarium turned red, and an old friend stood with a bitten finger. “Why did you put your hand in the aquarium? There are piranhas in there!”
Piranha (piranha) is a family of fish of the carp order. The body is laterally compressed, high, up to 60 cm long. Powerful jaws bear sharp, wedge-shaped teeth. St. 50 species, in fresh waters Yuzh. America. Mostly flocking predators, attacking fish and other animals, dangerous to humans (a flock of common piranhas can destroy a large animal in a few minutes). Herbivorous species cleanse water bodies of aquatic vegetation. Small species are kept in aquariums, where they lose their aggressiveness.
Piranhas are small, on average up to 30 cm in length, fish inhabit the rivers of South America. Young piranhas are silver-blue in color, with dark speckles, but darken with age and acquire a black mourning color. Despite their small stature, piranhas are one of the most voracious fish. The razor-sharp teeth of a piranha, when it closes its jaws, adjoin each other like a folded lock of fingers. With his teeth, he can easily bite a stick or a finger.
Shepherds driving herds across rivers where piranhas are found have to give one of the animals. And while the predators deal with the victim, aside from this place, the whole herd is safely transported to the other side. Wild animals turned out to be no less smart than people. To drink water or cross a river where piranhas are found, they begin to attract the attention of predators with the noise or splash of water. And when the flock of piranhas rush to the noise, the animals along the shore move to a safe place, drink quickly there or cross the river.
The quarrelsome nature of piranhas makes them often quarrel and attack each other. But some amateur aquarists, in spite of everything, run the risk of keeping these fish at home. Piranhas attack any living creature that is within their reach: large fish, domestic and wild animals in the river, humans. Alligator — and he tries to get out of their way.
Here it is — the famous and legendary piranha. A small fish, only some 20 cm, with a purple (in females) or blue-black (in males) color. It can also be olive-silver or bright red. Sweet fish? Believe me, it’s better not to deal with her. Piranhas are known for their reputation as bloodthirsty fish. Just look at her strongly developed jaw with many sharp, pyramidal teeth.
The very name is fraught with danger. The word “piranha” is borrowed from the South American Indians and means “toothed demon”. Indeed, they have terrible teeth. The jaw muscles are so developed that the piranha can “cut off” the smallest piece. She does not tear her prey, but cuts it in pieces, like a surgeon with a scalpel. The teeth are very sharp, not a single thick skin is a defense. An adult piranha can easily bite a stick or a human finger. A piranha can even bite through steel. Piranhas are especially dangerous during spawning, when at first a pair of fish, and later one male, guards the laying of eggs. The piranha family includes several species of predatory, as well as a large number of herbivorous species.
The most common is the common or, as it is also called, red piranha. It is common in the fresh waters of South America, almost universally found in the Amazon, Orinoco and La Plata basins. It can also be found in the eastern foothills of the Andes and Colombia, throughout the Amazon basin, in Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and northeast Argentina. Insignificant populations of piranhas are also found in the USA and Mexico, in Europe, in Spain and other countries where they came from amateur aquariums. Young people are more active and gather in flocks more often. They are constantly roaming in search of food.
Adult piranhas are distinguished by solid behavior: most of the time they stand in their chosen place, sometimes they hide behind snags or in algae, that is, they prefer not to chase prey, but to wait for it from shelter. Despite the fact that piranhas are predators and have a reputation as “underwater wolves”, these fish are very shy and easily go into shock when frightened. With a sharp movement, the fish turns pale and falls sideways to the bottom, after a while the fish wakes up, starts swimming as usual, and then beware, the piranha will defend and attack. clean a large animal to the skeleton in a minute. These fish are attracted to water splashes and the smell of blood. Feeding piranhas are an unpleasant sight. The water literally boils from the fish scurrying back and forth. And the victim, surrounded by these predators, literally disappears before our eyes. Piranhas also behave like cannibals: they can eat another piranha caught on a hook. Young piranhas can grab a piece of the fin from their neighbor while feeding. That is why it is very difficult to meet not crippled fish — almost all of them are wounded and scarred. No case is known when a piranha would eat a person. However, every year about 80 people suffer from this predator. The wounds that remain after her teeth are very serious and never fully heal.
The best thing is if after meeting with piranhas only a scar remains. There are a lot of cases when, because of piranhas, a person lost one of his body parts — a finger, or even his entire arm or leg. In some countries, they tried to completely destroy piranhas. In Brazil, they tried to poison her with poisons, but piranhas are very hardy. As a result, piranhas remained unharmed, while other inhabitants of the reservoirs suffered. But you can not destroy piranhas also because they are needed by nature. Piranhas, like wolves, are orderlies — they kill the weaker, the old and the sick. Thus, they make the populations of their victims stronger. And if you do not want to suffer from piranhas, then just do not climb into the water if you know that they are found there.