Santiago Calatrava is without a doubt one of the most ingenious architects of our time — he has earned worldwide recognition for his amazing, bold and, at the same time, carefully considered works in the bio-tech style. I propose to get acquainted with his main creations.
On July 28, 1951, in the tiny Spanish town of Benimamet, which today is part of Valencia, a boy was born who was destined to write his name in the history of modern art. After graduating from the local School of Architecture and the School of Art, and obtaining an engineering degree from the ETH Zurich, in 1981 Santiago Calatrava opened his workshop in Zurich, where he worked as an architect and engineer. The Spaniard drew inspiration for his work from the works of the famous French architect Le Corbusier, the creator of international style architecture. In 1989, the architect opens a branch of his workshop in Paris
The early period of Calatrava’s work was devoted mainly to stations and bridges. The most famous creation of his early work is the incomparable Alamillo Bridge in Seville.
The turning point in Santiago’s career was his Montjuïc telecommunications tower in Barcelona, destined to be the heart of the 1992 Summer Olympics.
Seeing what this Spanish architect “does” with an ordinary TV tower, many countries wanted to see the creations of this unconditionally talented person with a completely new look at familiar structures.
As a result, Calatrava was entrusted with the construction of a huge scientific and entertainment complex in Valencia — the City of Arts and Sciences, the first building of which was ready already in 1996.
In 1997, in another Spanish city — Bilbao — a new pedestrian “white bridge” of Zubisuri or, as it is also called, Campo Volantin, was completed, built according to the project of an already world-famous architect
In 1998, in the Puerto Madero area of Argentinean Buenos Aires, an amazing pedestrian Bridge of the Woman appeared, which is, in fact, the first and so far the only work of the Spanish architect in South America.
In 2001, the amazing Quadracci Pavilion appeared at the Milwaukee Art Museum, which became the first creation of Santiago Calatrava on American soil.
In 2003, a small but no less spectacular James Joyce Bridge was thrown across the River Liffey in Dublin.
The Irish liked the work of Calatrava so much that it was decided to order another bridge for him) Thus, in 2009, a little downstream, the Samuel Beckett Bridge appeared, completely different in design and purpose)
And also in 2003, the construction of the Tenerife Concert Hall was completed, on which Santiago Calatrava worked for 6 years
In 2004, Santiago distinguished himself in California by building a bridge in Turtle Bay, which is, in combination, the world’s largest sundial! He called it that — Sundial Bridge
In 2005, the Spaniard completed the construction of his first skyscraper — Turning Torso in the Swedish port town of Malmö — which aroused public delight with its “twisted” shape.
In 2008, the entrance to Jerusalem was adorned with the new Calatrava Bridge, immediately nicknamed the “Harp of David” for its shape and immediately becoming one of the symbols of this ancient city.
In 2009, Santiago Calatrava presented his kinetic composition at the Israel Institute of Technology
The last completed creation of the Spanish architect was the new building of the Liège-Guillemins station in Belgium, which struck even the most inveterate critics of our time with the lightness of its forms.
Calatrava is currently designing a future train station, the World Trade Tentra Transportation Center, at the restored World Trade Center in New York. And now, due to the crisis, the construction of an object that was supposed to become the pearl of the Spaniard’s creativity, the Chicago Spare skyscraper, which would become the most amazing and beautiful building of the “city of skyscrapers”, has been completely stopped.
And here’s what the tower would look like from below…
In addition to the above projects, Santiago Calatrava built the Brookfield Place office complex in Toronto, Canada; erected the Kuwait Pavilion at the 1992 Seville World’s Fair; worked on the development of the station and the remodeling of the university library in Zurich, Switzerland; restored in 1992–1995 the central span of the Berlin Oberbaumbrücke bridge; designed one of the Lisbon metro stations in 1998; opened the 21st century with the construction of a new terminal at Bilbao Airport in Spain; rebuilt in 2004 the Olympic Sports Complex in Athens for the Olympics .. Each of his creations was somewhat different from the previous ones, each had its own zest, and this is not a complete list of his brilliant projects =)