There is an opinion that there is absolutely nothing attractive in Dnepropetrovsk, that the roads here are terrible and the drivers are undisciplined. As for drivers and roads, I probably agree — there really are problems with this. But as for the sights and beauty of the city, it’s time to dispel stereotypes.
Dnepropetrovsk stretches on both sides of the Dnieper, in the very heart of Ukraine, where the two halves of the country converge. From where and where you would not have to get in Ukraine, for sure your path will lie through Dnepropetrovsk — the largest railway and transport hub of the country. The city was conceived as the third capital of the Russian Empire, but never received such a status and eventually became an ordinary provincial town. In the second half of the 19th century, the city became a major industrial giant and was closed to foreigners. In the 21st century, it is changing again before our eyes. The city, in general, is full of contrasts: dilapidated two-story buildings and skyscrapers, an incompatible combination. There are quite a lot of sights and simply beautiful places. I think that the opinion about the unattractiveness of the city exists due to the fact that, first of all, the city is perceived by everyone as industrial. Those who have decided to dedicate a day — another detailed acquaintance with the city — change their minds.
The pride of Dnepropetrovsk and its main attraction is the Dnieper River. The Dnepropetrovsk embankment is the longest in Europe — along the right bank of the Dnieper, it stretches for more than 23 km. It is interesting that until the early 1960s, the city seemed to move away from the river: endless warehouses and small factories piled up along the Dnieper, there were practically no places for recreation, and the river was used only for cargo transportation.
Nevertheless, the fact that the city had a powerful industry and accumulated millions of tons of metallurgy waste made it possible to form and strengthen the coast with a large boulevard. To create a park zone, and also to stretch from west to east, for the entire length of the city of the city, a new avenue — Embankment
The Swan Fountain, installed in 2005 on the Embankment near the shore, is unique in that it can change operating modes, “flap its wings” and rotate. At full power, its jet can be thrown up to a height of 50 meters
I decided not to make a story about the bridges of the city in a separate topic, but to include them in the sights of Dnepropetrovsk. There are 5 bridges across the Dnieper River in the city:
- The Amur Bridge was originally built in 1884. The project was made by the largest Russian engineer-bridge builder Professor N. P. Belelyubsky. The solemn opening of the bridge took place on May 18, 1884, along with the opening of the Catherine’s railway. And before that, for two centuries, the Dnieper River was an obstacle on the long way from Baturin through Gadyach, Poltava, Kobelyaki, Perevalochna, Sich to Perekop. There was a transfer here. On the right bank there is the Novye Kaydaki settlement, and on the left bank there is the Kamenka settlement. Pictured is the Amur bridge
- The longest is the Kaydak bridge, which allowed transit vehicles to travel along the Kyiv-Donetsk road without entering the city, and made it possible to start housing construction on the left bank of the river. On November 10, 1982, the bridge was inaugurated. Its length is 1732 m, 3‑lane traffic in both directions. On December 17, 1996, a tram was launched in its center
- The most beautiful is the Merefa-Kherson railway bridge — the very first bridge built in the form of an arc. It was necessary to build a railway line to the south, and this was an impossible task, since the Nizhnedneprovsk station on the left bank of the Dnieper was to the left of the South Station station, and it was impossible to connect them with a straight line, since the main branch from east to west passed just through the Central Station, and never turned back east. The design engineers were given the task of connecting unconnected stations. For several years, the bridge was designed and the tension and load on the bend of the arc were calculated. This bridge is now one of the most unique sights of Dnepropetrovsk
- The South Bridge is part of the eastern arc of the bypass around the city, which is under construction. The bridge is 1248 meters long and 22 meters wide. It was built in stages from 1982 to 1993 and from 1998 to 2000. Opened in December 2000. In 2002, the construction of a road junction on the left bank was completed, an overpass across the railway was built.
- Central (New) — a road bridge connecting the city center with the left bank
The most legendary place in Dnepropetrovsk is Monastyrsky (Komsomolsky) Island. The island was first mentioned in 1880 in the work of Bishop Theodosius, as the northernmost point where Andrew the First-Called reached on his mission. The name “Monastic” island received from the supposedly existing Byzantine monastery, founded here in the 9th century.
With the rest of the city, the island is connected by a cable car, and a pedestrian bridge
In 1958, a monument to T. G. Shevchenko was erected on the island — one of the largest in Ukraine
In 1999, the Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas was built on the northern part of the island.
The island also has a beach and a recreation park where Dnepropetrovsk residents who did not manage to go to the sea have a rest 🙂
Among sights of Dnepropetrovsk the largest collection of stone Scythian “women” in Ukraine. It is located in a clearing near the Historical Museum. There are about 80 babs, the collection is considered to be perhaps the largest stone sculptures in the world. Some statues are generally 5 thousand years old and they have remarkably survived to our times.
A few more women)
It is also worth noting the Golden Rose Choral Synagogue. According to the well-known magazine Correspondent, after the restoration the synagogue is the hallmark of Dnepropetrovsk. In my opinion, a rather strange business card .. The photo shows the synagogue before and after restoration
The central street of Dnepropetrovsk, both in administrative and in other senses, is the Prospekt named after Karl Marx
The length of the avenue is 5 kilometers
Historical name — Catherine Avenue (1834–1923)
Prospekt named after Karl Marx is one of the oldest thoroughfares of the city. It began to form along with the foundation of Yekaterinoslav on the Dnieper from the end of the 1780s. The idea of creating a prospectus belongs to the author of the master plan of Yekaterinoslav, architect Ivan Yegorovich Starov. Most of this street is paved with paving stones. Along the avenue itself there are many old buildings. Among them are the historical museum, the building of the Mining University, the buildings of the Dnepropetrovsk National University, the city executive committee. The street starts from the Monument of Glory and ends with the railway station Dnepropetrovsk-Glavny
In the photo, the old and new renovated station
Monument “Eternal Glory” on Karl Marx Avenue
You should definitely visit the diorama “Battle for the Dnieper”. “Battle for the Dnieper” is the largest diorama in Ukraine and one of the largest in the world.
It is the center of a large memorial complex dedicated to the heroes and events of the Great Patriotic War
This work was created by masters of battle painting M. B. Grekov N. Ya. But and N. V. Ovechkin. The whole-woven fabric, woven at the Penza weaving factory “Red October”, with an area of 840 square meters (1 × 2) is located in a special building, designed by architect V. A. Zuev. The total area of the building is 1340 square meters. The area of the diorama hall is 900 sq.m. A wide viewing radius (up to 230°), a deep subject plan consisting of the remains of defensive structures, weapons, crossing facilities and other military attributes, special lighting and sounding of the diorama hall create for the audience the effect of direct presence at the site of the assault on the Dnieper by valiant Soviet soldiers. There is a similar structure only in Sevastopol — Diorama “Storm of the Sapun Mountains”
Not far from the diorama is the Transfiguration Cathedral — one of the cathedral churches of the Dnepropetrovsk diocese of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, consecrated in honor of the Transfiguration of the Lord. Completed in the classicist style in 1835 under Archbishop Gabriel
The Transfiguration Cathedral is the most remarkable landmark of Yekaterinoslav of the Classicism era, which crowned the city’s foundation site.
From 1930 to 1988 there were no services in the Cathedral. From 1975 to 1988 the temple housed a museum of religion and atheism. Today, divine services in the cathedral are performed daily.
In the photo — the Transfiguration Cathedral inside
The construction of the Transfiguration Cathedral reflected the features of the reign of several generations. During the war, prayers sounded within the walls of the temple, and in peacetime, stone idols and an ancient Egyptian mummy were exhibited.
You can also take a walk along Yekaterinoslav Boulevard, which is especially beautiful in the evening. There are many illuminated fountains here.
I will list some more interesting places in Dnepropetrovsk:
Brezhnev House in Dnepropetrovsk
House of Organ and Chamber Music
Sausage for EURO 2012 :))
I described only a part of the sights of Dnepropetrovsk, there are a lot of them and it is better to see everything with your own eyes.
I can’t resist and still I will describe some negative moments in the life of the city of Dnepropetrovsk
First of all, it is worth noting the general stagnation in the development of the city — only the center and some sections in the districts are developing. At the entrance to the city, there is complete devastation, a huge contrast between the center and other areas.
Pictured are skyscrapers in the center
There is also a stagnation in the construction of the metro — since 1995, after the launch of the Vokzal-Kommunar section (6 stations), not a single station has been opened (the next line — 1 or 2 stations to the city center — would allow unloading the center and using the metro more rationally); Construction work is progressing very slowly.
6 stations for the third most populous city in Ukraine is catastrophically small. In the photo, the scheme of the Dnepropetrovsk metro
Because of this, traffic problems arise in the city. Despite the extensive network of routes and the size of the fleet, fixed-route taxis cannot cope with the load during peak hours. Real alternative projects — a monorail, a high-speed tram (light metro), just bringing the roads back to normal — have not yet been observed. It is also sad that due to the inaction of the authorities, Dnepropetrovsk lost EURO 2012, despite the fact that the stadium here was built on time.
In the photo, the stadium Dnipro — Arena