One of the oldest Italian cities is the epitome of the greatness of the Renaissance. Once upon a time, Florence was even the capital of Italy, and Julius Caesar himself is considered its founder. Here worked such masters as Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Michelangelo, Benvenuto Cellini and many other outstanding personalities. Tourists called this Florence the city of flowers for a reason. There are also natural attractions in Florence, including the lavender fields of Tuscany and the many vineyards around the city. The museums of Florence offer to get acquainted with the world-famous masterpieces of art, and the old squares are always crowded. Once it was the most powerful and influential city in Europe, and today it attracts millions of tourists every year. It has everything you need for a good holiday, including an indescribable historical atmosphere, modern attractions, parks, many shops, restaurants and entertainment.
Piazza della Signoria is one of the busiest squares in Florence. It attracts tourists with its combination of cultural attractions, along with numerous events, holidays and festivals. For history buffs, it will also be interesting to learn about the numerous historical events in this place. Piazza della Signoria witnessed an important period in the work of eminent masters, including Michelangelo and Donatello. The executions of the Holy Inquisition were carried out here, but today only mentions of this have been preserved in museums. Be sure to visit this most important square of the city and enjoy the beauty of its architectural ensemble.
The Uffizi Gallery is one of the most visited museums in the world. In the exhibition halls you can admire the best masterpieces of Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Caravaggio, Raphael and other outstanding masters. During the reign of the Medici dynasty, government offices were located in this building, but given the love of the family for art, over time an outstanding series of art masterpieces has gathered here. In the 18th century, the first Uffizi Museum opened on the territory, and today it gladly welcomes tourists from all over the world.
The Palazzo Vecchio is the most prominent landmark in Florence. Seasoned tourists are advised to allocate at least a few hours to visit Vecchio in advance, but a whole day is not enough to explore all its beauties. It is better to sign up in advance for a tour with a professional guide who focuses your attention on the most interesting halls and exhibitions of the Palazzo Vecchio. During the tour you will be able to explore the amazing masterpieces of the Middle Ages, including paintings, frescoes and sculptures.
Almost all the sights of Florence are somehow connected with art. Was no exception and the Vasari Corridor, which is a covered passage through the Florentine Arno River. An arched corridor connects two outstanding palaces — Palazzo Pitti and Palazzo Vecchio. Like most other architectural monuments of the city, the corridor was built for the representative of the Medici family, Francesco I. Thanks to the construction, he could easily move between his palaces without going outside. The Vasari Corridor is unique with numerous masterpieces by such masters as Titian, Da Vinci and many other works of the Middle Ages. For a fee, you can walk along the corridor, where only representatives of the nobility once walked.
Pitti Palace is an obligatory item in the tourist program of Florence. As Florence’s largest palace, it also houses one of the city’s largest museums. Here you will find a number of unique exhibitions and displays, along with the opportunity to walk through the halls of the Palace and explore all its parks. The Palazzo Pitti complex is quite extensive and includes several separate sections where you need to buy a separate ticket. If your time is limited, it is better to concentrate on the main part with the museum.
One of the most famous bridges in the world crosses the Arno River in Florence. The first bridge structures were built in this place in the period of the ancient Romans. But due to the imperfection of the structures, they were destroyed during floods and fires. The main bridge Ponte Vecchio was built during the Middle Ages and initially meat was traded here. But over time, meat stores were replaced by elite stores and now it is one of the most popular attractions in Florence. The Ponte Vecchio bridge is connected to the Vasari corridor mentioned above, which also adds to its interest.
Belfry of Giotto
Giotto’s bell tower is one of the tallest buildings in the historic center of Florence. A magnificent architectural landmark immediately attracts attention with its mosaic facade. The best place to explore the bell tower is Piazzale Michelangelo. Be sure to climb to the top to the observation terrace, which offers one of the best views of Florence and its beauty.
The Boboli complex is considered one of the most beautiful gardens in Italy. The landscape garden was founded in the 15th century for the wife of Cosimo 1 of the Medici, Eleonora of Toledo. Subsequently, the Boboli Gardens passed to other owners who added something interesting to the plan of the park. As a result, today we have a wonderful attraction, a walk along which will lead you into a state of genuine delight.
Basilica of Santa Croce
The Basilica of Santa Croce is considered one of the symbols of the city. This is not only one of the most beautiful sights of Florence, but also an important burial place for prominent city figures. It is here that you will find the tombs of Michelangelo, Machiavelli and even Galileo. All of them made a significant contribution to the development of Florence and made it the city it is today. Despite its religious status, the Basilica of Santa Croce is a museum with daily tours.
Piazzale Michelangelo is known among citizens and tourists as the best place for views of Florence. Be prepared for the fact that there are always a lot of people here and you have to push through for the best panorama. Michelangelo Square appeared in the nineteenth century, when a large-scale renovation of the architectural appearance of Florence was carried out. As you already understood, it was named after the famous Florentine Michelangelo, and a copy of his famous sculpture “David” was installed, as well as a number of other outstanding works of the master.
Santa Maria del Fiore
The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore is the most impressive landmark in Italy, which is impossible not to notice. Tourists are extremely interested in the history of the foundation of the cathedral, the construction of which took more than 5 centuries. During repeated renovations, a number of changes have been made, and plans to transform certain parts of Santa Maria del Fiore are still discussed to this day. Since the entrance is free, it is always crowded here, but you will have to pay to visit the museum. You will certainly not regret the money spent, so feel free to go on a tour of the Florence Cathedral.
Medici Riccardi Palace
It is not surprising that the main residence of the Medici family is located in Florence. The majestic dynasty had a very significant impact on the history of Italy. The main residence of the family was built in the 15th century, but a few centuries later it passed into the possession of another influential Riccardi family. At the same time, a reconstruction was carried out — the Palazzo was expanded and updated with elements of the Renaissance style that was dominant at that time.
Basilica of San Lorenzo
One of the historically most important places in Florence is the Basilica of San Lorenzo, one of the oldest shrines in the city. In its current form, it appeared in the 11th century, but then it was nevertheless slightly supplemented. Among the interesting points are the tombs of the representatives of the Medici family with majestic marble monuments. However, many travelers come here on an excursion to see the most beautiful ornaments of the New Sacristy.
Dante Alighieri’s house
Few people are not familiar with the work of the outstanding poet Dante Alighieri, the author of the legendary Divine Comedy. But not everyone knows that he was not only a poet, but also took an active part in the political life of the country and the formation of the Italian language. The house of Dante Alighieri in one of the historic districts of Florence is today a museum in his honor. During the tour of the house-museum, you will learn about the life and work of an outstanding Florentine. You will also get a glimpse of 14th century Florence, whose landscapes adorn the walls of the museum.
Baptistery of San Giovanni
The Baptistery of San Giovanni is located in the historic center of Florence. The outstanding building was built more than 15 centuries ago and gained fame as the oldest attraction in Florence. The octagonal plan of the building and the marble finish of the facade have become the hallmark of San Giovanni. Massive gates with golden bas-reliefs depicting biblical scenes deserve special attention. Any excursion in Florence includes a visit to this architectural monument, so you are unlikely to miss the baptistery.
The Bargello Museum occupies a historic building from the 13th century. This medieval fortification was once a prison, then a military barracks, a court, and even the magistracy of Florence. The Bargello Museum exhibits one of the most outstanding collections of art, including works by Michelangelo, Giambologna and other artists from the medieval period.
The Academy of Fine Arts Gallery is one of the popular attractions in Florence. The gallery began to take shape in the 16th century and over the centuries has acquired an outstanding series of art objects, being one of the finest museums in Europe. It is also the very first painting academy in Europe. Like many other Florentine marvels, the Gallery was funded by the Medici family. Among the outstanding exhibits is Michelangelo’s legendary David. The five-meter statue has become a true personification of the Renaissance.
Complex San Marco
San Marco is an architectural complex with the building of the Church of St. Mark and the monastery of the same name. The monastery appeared in this area of Florence in the 13th century. The outstanding architect Bartolomeo took part in its restoration and restoration, and since the nineteenth century the National Museum of San Marco has been located here. Museum exhibitions open to visitors the magnificent heritage of the great creators of the Renaissance period.
Santa Maria Novella
Santa Maria Novella is the founding basilica of the Dominican order of Florence, as well as an architectural monument of the Middle Ages. This place passed to the Dominican order despite the Roman shrine located here earlier. The unusual facade of the basilica with a decorative pattern immediately catches the eye. But no less interesting is the interior decoration with numerous frescoes, mosaics and marble statues. It is here that the main action of the Decameron novel by Giovanni Boccaccio takes place.
Museum of Galileo
The Galileo Museum, or Museum of the History of Science, houses a collection of approximately 5,000 original pieces, divided into Medici and Lorenese sections. Items on display include original Galilean instruments, including telescopes and lenses. There is also a room dedicated to the historical development of the microscope and its origins. Another section showcases 18th century electrostatic electromagnetic tools. The museum is open on Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays from 9:30 to 17:00.
Dome of Brunelleschi
A Renaissance masterpiece, the Dome of the Duomo, 91 meters high and 45 meters wide, was created by the outstanding master Filippo Brunelleschi between 1400 and 1436. The master was inspired by the Pantheon in Rome, designing the outstanding octagonal shape of the inner and outer concentric dome. More than 4 million bricks were used for the construction, laid out in successive rings in a herringbone pattern. Even more interesting landscapes are waiting for you in the selection of amazing Florence in pictures, which also features the Duomo dome.