Germany is a country of magnificent castles. There are a lot of them here, and many of them are among the most beautiful in the world. We decided to make a rating of German castles, talking about each of them in detail. We have previously written about all these castles separately, but now we will compile a general list, assigning a specific place to each of them. Evaluation criteria: beauty, history, number of restorations, etc. For each of the structures, a link will be given to a separate article, where you will find many interesting details. Please share your impressions and leave feedback in the comments to the article.
We decided to include in the list the 7 most beautiful castles in Germany, and we will tell about each of them in this collection.
Let’s start with the 7th place, where Johannisburg Castle is located. It is located in the city of Aschaffenburg, many consider it one of the most majestic castles of the Renaissance. It is located right on the banks of the Main, on the opposite side there is a magnificent park. The proportions of Johannisburg are correct and precise, the facades of the buildings are built with perfect precision and stand out for their simplicity. The rather austere and symmetrical appearance of the façade is enlivened by peaks in the central part of the roofs, decorated with ornaments, as well as corner turrets and donjons in the same architectural style. If not for these elegant elements, then a rather strict castle would look very dull. The roofs of the castle are covered with a special roofing — slate. We placed this castle in the 7th place just because of its severity and bulkiness:
On the sixth line is Hohenschwangau Castle, located in the picturesque area of Bavaria. Hohenschwangau is located near the town of Fussen, just a few hundred meters from the fairy tale castle Neuschwanstein, which also made our list. The castle was designed by the artist-architect Domenico Quaglio, his task was to build a neo-Gothic style castle. Hohenschwangau served as the official summer and hunting residence of Maximilian II and his family. Interestingly, both World Wars did not touch Hohenschwangau Castle in any way. It has been perfectly preserved and is now in the possession of the former royal family of Wittelbach. About 300,000 tourists a year come from all over the world to admire this magnificent castle, among the sights of which there is even a piano played by Wagner
Fifth place is Stolzenfels Castle on the Rhine, which looks a bit like Hohenschwangau. The castle was built between 1242 and 1259 by the Archbishop of Trier, Arnold II. During the Thirty Years’ War, Stolzenfels was used in every possible way by the warring parties. The castle was almost completely destroyed in 1689, after which it lay in ruins for almost 150 years. The castle was later restored by Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia and became his residence. Since 2002, UNESCO has recognized Stolzenfels as a World Heritage Site. Now the castle is closed for another restoration, timed to coincide with the Garden Show 2011. 16 million euros have been allocated for the restoration of the castle, visiting for tourists is closed.
In fourth place is the Lion’s Castle — Levenburg. Among all the castles in Germany, it is unique in that it is conceived as a romantic medieval ruin. Such a wonderful project of Levenburg arose as a result of the fantasies of Wilhelm IX. Nevertheless, experts regard the castle as a very important historical monument, the first neo-Gothic building in Germany. Unfortunately, Löwenburg Castle was badly damaged during the Second World War and underwent major repairs. Now it is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Germany and the city of Kassel.
Let’s move on to the top three most beautiful castles in Germany. In third place is Eltz, built in a cozy valley of the Mossel River near Koblenz. Eltz is a real medieval castle dating back to the middle of the twelfth century. Unlike other old castles in Germany, Eltz never saw any serious battles, and modern architecture did not interfere here. Eltz Castle was built on a 200-meter mountain spire and is surrounded on three sides by a river and dense forest. The picturesque location and impressive architecture have made it one of the most popular castles in Germany. Two-thirds of the building is accessible to tourists, while the rest is home to the 33rd generation of the Eltz family.
In second place is the castle in the clouds — Hohenzollern. Built on the 855-meter mountain of the same name, this stunning example of German architecture was home to the Hohenzollern dynasty, which ruled Prussia from the Middle Ages until the end of the First World War. While on a trip to Italy, Frederick William IV was passing through southern Germany and decided to learn more about his family’s history. He climbed to the top of the mountain and decided that this was the perfect place to build a memorial in honor of his dynasty. Designed in the Gothic Revival style, Hohenzollern Castle was built in the likeness of medieval knights’ castles.
So, we smoothly approached the most beautiful castle not only in Germany, but throughout the world — this is the fabulous Neuschwanstein, a real treasure of the Alps. Located in the heart of Bavaria, this amazing castle was built by King Ludwig II, later nicknamed Ludwig the Mad. In a letter to his muse, the famous German composer Richard Wagner, he said that he had always dreamed of building a castle in the style of the German Knights, in the most beautiful place one could find.
Opened to tourists in 1886, after the death of Ludwig, Neuschwanstein Castle became one of the most popular tourist destinations in Germany and the most photographed building in the country. More than 50 million people have visited this fairy tale castle since its opening.
We told you about the most famous and beautiful German castles, if any of them interested you, you can follow the link and learn about it in detail