Dogs are able to understand 250 words and gestures, count to five, and perform simple mathematical operations. Canadian scientists have compiled a rating in which they compared the ten most intelligent dog breeds. For many dog breeders, this rating may raise doubts, because we all love our dogs so much. But it is worth considering that the people who compiled it were guided by many tests and assessments, and besides, they were devoid of subjectivity. If you still disagree with something, or want to talk about your pet, please write in the comments and participate in the discussion.
Canadian scientists from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver conducted a study of the mental abilities of dogs and ranked the 10 most intelligent breeds. According to the results of the study, the IQ of the average dog corresponds to that of a two-year-old child. Both those and others know about 165 words (especially smart dogs — 250), and also know how to distinguish between signals and gestures. The research also shows that in the field of arithmetic and social skills, dogs are much more successful than in linguistics — here their intelligence is comparable to that of 4‑year-old children.
Among other dog skills, scientists call the ability to add and subtract numbers from 1 to 5, navigate the terrain, control simple mechanisms, and experience joy, anger and disgust. At the same time, more complex emotions, such as guilt, are not available to dogs. Canadian researchers ranked smart dog breeds based on their intellectual abilities:
No. 1 Border Collie, a breed of herding dog.
The ancestors of the Border Collie worked in the pastures of southern Scotland and the border counties of England. The breed was bred in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a new line of Scottish Collies. When creating the breed, a wide variety of shepherd dogs were used. As a result of directional selection, an excellent hardy working dog was obtained, distinguished by swift movements and sharpness of mind. Distributed in countries with developed sheep breeding. The standard was adopted by the English Kennel Club in 1976. Border collies are receptive to training, after special training they can work as guides to the blind.
The Border Collie is a harmoniously built, medium size (height at the withers of a male is 53 cm, females are slightly smaller, weight 14–20 kg) dog with strong bones and strong muscles.
The Border Collie is a smart, loyal, unpretentious dog, not only a first-class shepherd and watchman, but also a faithful companion, it rightfully takes its place in the top ten most intelligent dog breeds.
Surprised? In fact, poodles are very smart dogs, and are capable of more than just jumping around in the circus, showing tricks. Previously, poodles served as both rescuers and observers. They swim well and are able to save a drowning person. Of course, there are a lot of poodles — there are big poodles, there are small ones. There are even hunting poodles that hunt birds together with their owners. So the poodle in the top ten most intelligent dog breeds is not an accidental guest.
The larger members of this breed can be good protectors, so don’t take them lightly.
Number 3. German Shepherd (GERMAN SHEPHERD)
There are several different theories about the origin of the German Shepherd: that the breed was created by crossing different German breeds, or that the breed evolved spontaneously from a cross between shepherds and wolves. The truth was lost in the darkness of centuries. However, it is known that already in the 7th century AD. e. in Germany there was a shepherd of this type. The first German Shepherds (long-haired) were presented at the exhibition in Hannover in 1882, and short-haired were first presented in Berlin in 1889. Note that the honor of the formation of this breed belongs to the dog lover von Stephanitz.
Representatives of this breed starred in many films, and in some even were the central figure, and therefore take their rightful place in the list of the 10 most intelligent dog breeds.
These dogs are very capable, they can be used as a guard, and as a house dog, and as a policeman. For some reason, the popularity of this breed has been declining lately — and it is being replaced by many exotic breeds that are nowhere near as smart as the German Shepherd.
Shepherd can equally well serve as a companion dog, guard, protective, detective, service and guard dog. Successfully used in animal husbandry as a shepherd dog. More often than other breeds it is used in the service in the army, in the police, for the protection of state borders. A well-trained German Shepherd is indispensable when detaining a criminal. Used to accompany the blind. Great with children.
№4 Golden Retriever
Belongs to the group of retrievers. The ancestors of five of the six retriever breeds were St. John, from whom the so-called wavy retrievers originated. The breed standard was developed by Lord Tweedmouth. He crossed a Yellow Flat-Coated Retriever with a Tweed Spaniel (now extinct). The result is the modern breed of golden retrievers. The purpose of breeding was to use these dogs to retrieve game from the water.
These are solid and somewhat imposing dogs with a calm character. Attention, sensitivity, calm and collected character, the ability to easily learn new practical skills in the process of training, exceptional performance, a constant desire to come to the rescue, the absence of pronounced aggressiveness towards other dogs and strangers, amazing tolerance in dealing with children. It’s all a golden retriever!
Golden Retrievers are often used as guides to the blind, as well as for medicinal purposes. Ideal for families with children, especially if the child has psychological problems. Golden Retriever training is usually not a problem. They love the water and are excellent swimmers.
Suitable for living both in apartments and in a private house. They tolerate the cold season very well.
The average life expectancy is about 12–14 years.
No. 5. doberman pinscher
Doberman (Doberman Pinscher) is a breed of short-haired service dogs, bred in Germany.
Doberman is an extraordinary person. For the development of which, in addition to excellent content, a healthy microclimate in the family is first of all necessary. After all, the puppy’s abilities and talents will be fully revealed only in smart, patient and energetic hands.
Many consider representatives of this breed stupid. However, this is not true, Dobermans just need to be trained, otherwise you will end up with an uncontrollable dog that does whatever it wants. These dogs appeared in 1800, when there was a need for a breed that could both protect and attack.
It is imperative to train representatives of this breed, otherwise their outstanding mind will go to no less outstanding tricks. Very active dogs that are able to protect their owner.
Doberman is a very intelligent dog, peaceful to strangers and friendly to children.
No. 6. Scottish Sheepdog (Sheltie)
The Sheltie, or Scottish Sheepdog, is a miniature collie. Anyone who dreams of a collie, but does not get this dog because of its size, should consider a sheltie. However, the one who considers this unusually beautiful dog just an adornment of a city apartment is mistaken. Shelties are very distrustful of strangers. She does not tolerate familiarity: flirting with her, the desire to scratch behind her ear. Shelties belong to the category of dogs that are easy to train.
No. 7. Labrador retriever
Comes from Newfoundland. This breed was brought to the UK by English sailors. These dogs, with an otter-like tail, have been helping local fishermen pull their nets out of the water for centuries. They say that once one of the fishing dogs, shaking himself, splashed the Earl of Mumsbury, and he muttered to himself “Labrador”, also called this dog in a letter to England. In 1903, the Labrador Retriever was recognized by the English Kennel Club as an independent breed. And its fawn variety — only in 1924. Enthusiasts of the Labrador Retriever breed fell in love with these dogs for their balanced character and propensity to work in water.
No. 8. Papillon
The Papillon, which has found its way into our city apartments, has a rich and regal family history. This is a historical fact — the ancestors of the papillon were favorites at the royal courts.
Papillon (“papillon” — so the word is pronounced in the French manner) — a descendant of the continental spaniel. This breed originated in the 14th century. Belgium and France are supposedly considered to be the homeland of papillons, hence the name — “papillon” (“butterfly” translated from French) and “falen” (moth) — for the lop-eared variety.
A notable feature of the breed is its beautiful, butterfly-winged ears.
This dog was a favorite of royalty and nobility, and has always been considered one of the smartest dogs.
No. 9. Rottweiler
Rottweilers are very balanced, powerful dogs. Everything about this dog speaks of determination and courage. The normal Rottweiler is medium to large in size. His compact, strong build indicates great strength and endurance.
A little about the growth of the Rottweiler:
- Height of males 60–68 cm
- Bitches are 55–63 cm tall.
This dog is courageous, independent and aloof, distrustful of strangers. The breed is smart, harsh, but manageable. She is aggressive, belligerent towards other dogs. The type of higher nervous activity is strong, balanced, calm.
The color is black and tan, sharply defined, with pronounced red-brown markings.
No. 10. australian shepherd
Rounding out the top 10 smartest dog breeds is the Australian Shepherd, a breed bred in the US in the 20th century. The breed is artificially bred, obtained by mixing breeds such as the Pyrenean Sheepdog and several types of collies. It was not possible to establish which ones exactly — perhaps it was a Smithfield Collie and a Border Collie. This experiment was carried out in the United States of America and turned out to be very successful. As a result, today the whole world can enjoy the company of such a reliable and devoted companion as the Australian Shepherd.
A distinctive feature of the Australian Shepherd is exceptional intelligence, she quickly learns to follow commands. Excessive activity can sometimes be tiring, for this reason it is always necessary to use it in something. She needs to work, play or just walk around the spacious area, constant sleep is not for her.
The scientists who conducted the study note that newly bred dog breeds are more intelligent and easier to train than representatives of long-known species.