Wem­b­ley Sta­di­um is the most famous sta­di­um in Eng­land. He is revered by all the fans of Fog­gy Albion, because it is here that the Eng­land team plays their home match­es. I will tell you about the his­to­ry of the leg­endary Wem­b­ley, as well as its revival..

Entry relat­ed to loca­tion: Lon­don

The his­to­ry of Wem­b­ley begins in 1920. In the 1920s, Wem­b­ley Park was cho­sen as the site for the 1923 Impe­r­i­al Exhi­bi­tion. “Wem­b­ley”, or “Empire Stei­d­i­um” (“Impe­r­i­al Sta­di­um”), was built for the peri­od from Jan­u­ary 22 to April 23. Its capac­i­ty was 126 thou­sand peo­ple. The 1922 FA Cup Final at Stam­ford Bridge was attend­ed by “only” 53,000 spec­ta­tors. In this regard, the Lon­don author­i­ties were con­cerned that next year the audi­ence will not fill the new 126,000-seat Wem­b­ley sta­di­um. But the fears turned out to be in vain, on April 28, when Bolton and West Ham met in the final, a crowd of 200,000 peo­ple lit­er­al­ly besieged the sta­di­um. The match nev­er­the­less took place (Bolton won — 2: 0), in no small mea­sure due to the fact that in the pres­ence of King George V, the fans behaved quite restrained­ly. Open­ing Wem­b­ley took place
In 1966, at this sta­di­um, the British became world cham­pi­ons, beat­ing West Ger­many with a score of 4: 2, and Geof­frey Hurst, for the first time in foot­ball his­to­ry, scored a hat-trick in the World Cup final. And two years lat­er, Man­ches­ter Unit­ed became the first Eng­lish team to win the Euro­pean Cup. The fact that these events took place at Wem­b­ley is espe­cial­ly impor­tant for the British.

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The sta­di­um has changed over the years. The near­by exhi­bi­tion cen­ter was rebuilt dur­ing the 1980s ren­o­va­tion of the sta­di­um at a cost of £60 mil­lion. When it was decid­ed to replace the stand­ing places with seats, the sta­di­um’s capac­i­ty was reduced from the orig­i­nal 100,000. Then, under the canopy of the roof, the Olympic Gallery was com­plet­ed, and the sta­di­um began to accom­mo­date 80,000 peo­ple. Nat­u­ral­ly, the updat­ed Wem­b­ley became the main are­na of the 1996 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship.
How­ev­er, over time, the sta­di­um began to need updat­ing to meet inter­na­tion­al stan­dards. As a result of long dis­cus­sions, it was decid­ed not to recon­struct the old Wem­b­ley, but to build a new hand­some sta­di­um in its place. Ger­many’s Diet­mar Hamann became the last play­er to score at the old Wem­b­ley Sta­di­um ahead of its demo­li­tion thanks to a free-kick. It hap­pened on Octo­ber 7, 2000, when the guests defeat­ed the rep­re­sen­ta­tives of Fog­gy Albion in the qual­i­fy­ing match of the 2002 World Cup with a score of 1:0. In the fall of 2002, the demo­li­tion of the sta­di­um began in order to build a new mod­ern are­na in its place. Parts of the old Wem­b­ley were sold at auc­tion, and the turf, nets and goal frames were sold piece­meal. There were a lot of peo­ple who want­ed to keep a piece of mem­o­ries for them­selves, it was a sta­di­um — a leg­end!
Designed for a huge num­ber of spec­ta­tors (90 thou­sand peo­ple), the new Wem­b­ley Sta­di­um com­plex has excel­lent equip­ment, and the arch tow­er­ing over it at 133 m is vis­i­ble for many kilo­me­ters. When it opened in 2006, it was the largest foot­ball sta­di­um in the world. The con­struc­tion project was devel­oped by the World Stei­d­i­um Team. The con­struc­tion work was car­ried out by the com­pa­ny “Mul­ti­plex Con­struc­tions”, which built the famous sta­di­um for the 2000 Olympic Games in Syd­ney
The mas­sive glass and alu­minum build­ing is cir­cu­lar in shape; it is par­tial­ly cov­ered with a roof in the form of two cres­cents, designed to pro­tect spec­ta­tors from bad weath­er. The roof weighs 7,000 tons and is par­tial­ly retractable, so that between sports com­pe­ti­tions the sta­di­um is in the open air so that the famous green grass of Wem­b­ley can get anoth­er por­tion of fresh air and sun.

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The old build­ing of Wem­b­ley Sta­di­um had 4 sep­a­rate stands. They were replaced by a sin­gle spec­ta­tor area in the form of a bowl with rows of seats arranged in a steep “lad­der”. Spec­ta­tors can also watch what is hap­pen­ing on the field with the help of two huge screens, each of which is equal in size to 600 tele­vi­sion screens. One of the strik­ing fea­tures of the old sta­di­um was its acoustics, thanks to which the voic­es of the fans sound­ed so pow­er­ful and bright. Before demol­ish­ing the old build­ing in 2000, acoustic spe­cial­ists record­ed the sound in the build­ing and worked close­ly with the archi­tects to pre­serve the acoustic effects.

New Wem­b­ley designed pri­mar­i­ly for foot­ball and rug­by match­es and music events, but it is mul­ti­func­tion­al and can be eas­i­ly “adapt­ed” to ath­let­ics com­pe­ti­tions. To do this, the field and the low­er rows of spec­ta­tor seats are cov­ered with a spe­cial plat­form, pro­vid­ing suf­fi­cient space for the com­pe­ti­tion. Dur­ing the Lon­don 2012 Olympic Games, Wem­b­ley will host the final match­es of the foot­ball teams
As before, the sta­di­um will host Eng­land’s home match­es and host var­i­ous foot­ball cup finals. For exam­ple, Wem­b­ley claimed to host the 2007/2008 and 2008/2009 Cham­pi­ons League finals, but lost to the Luzh­ni­ki Sta­di­um in Moscow and the Olimpi­co Sta­di­um in Rome. But the old are­na host­ed 5 Cham­pi­ons League (or Cup) finals, which is a record.