Magnificent National Parks in North America are numbered in hundreds of beautiful places, the state of Utah in the USA is especially proud of this. Zion National Park is one such wonderful place. It is located in the southwest of the state, near Springdale, and covers an area of 593 square kilometers. On November 19, 1919, the park received the status of a National Park during the presidency of William Howard Taft.
Zion Canyon is considered the main attraction of the park. It is 24 kilometers long and 800 meters deep. The canyon was formed by a fork of the Virgin River in the reddish and bronze colored Navajo Sandstone. It was discovered by Mormons in 1858 and settled by them in the early 1860s. However, Indian tribes lived here as early as 8,000 years ago. The canyon is located between different biological systems — forest, river and desert, at the intersection of the Colorado Plateau, the Great Basin of the desert highlands and the Mojave Desert region, which make the park so unique.
This amazing park has a unique flora and fauna — 289 species of birds, 75 species of mammals and 32 species of reptiles. Here you can meet mountain lions, deer, eagles, Californian condors, not to mention 19 varieties of bats! Among the National Parks of the USA, this place is one of the most popular.
The lowest point of the park is Coal Pits (1118 meters below sea level), the highest point is Mount Rancho (2661 meters above sea level). Zion National Park is not only unique flora and fauna, but primarily mountains, canyons, hills, mesas, monoliths, rivers, slot canyons and natural vaults — such original names as the Great White Throne, Angel Landing, Castle Roof, Court Patriarchs. The park includes 9 different geological formations that have been formed over 150 million years. The local mountains are composed of sandstone containing a large amount of iron oxides — this is why the rocks have such a rich red color. Over the years, the waters of rivers and streams have broken through canyons and cracks in the mountains. The height of their walls reaches 900 meters, and sometimes the walls touch each other, where their width can be less than 10 meters.
Fantastic colorful labyrinths, majestic peaks, bizarre forms of stone towers and domes — you will undoubtedly be delighted! The road to Zion Park ends at the Sinawava Temple, an Indian deity in the form of a coyote. In the park, you can ride a bike, or explore the hiking trails with a camera. Between March and October you can go horseback riding. The cost to enter the park with a private car is $30 (as of 2015), if you want to walk you need to pay $15. The ticket is valid for 7 days.